Native Vegetation

SAVE MAUMEE’S SIMPLE GOAL:
One side of ALL 2,500 miles of Allen County ditches and streams should be left naturalized with native trees and vegetation. The other side should be used as an easement to make way for equipment to keep the drainage flowing and “dip the ditch” when it becomes clogged with tree debris or fills up with sediment on the most easily accessible – to a truck – side.  Supporting articles HERE: http://savemaumee.org/ditch-easements-need-vegetation/

Of course we all understand that sometimes large problematic trees need to be removed OR both sides of a ditch needs to be cleared; but this is the EXCEPTION, NOT the RULE. This is common sense. PLEASE SUPPORT ONE SIDE for nature and ONE SIDE for easy access to clear debris from ditches.  DO NOT SUPPORT BOTH SIDES BEING REMOVED ON DITCH BANKS.

What is native vegetation?

How does planting trees and grasses help to improve water quality?

Who supports planting vegetation on streambanks?

What types of trees does Save Maumee plant?

What does Save Maumee plant on public riverbanks & floodways?

Grasses ~
 
Big Bluestem
Carex bicknellii Bicknell’s Sedge
Elymus canadensis Canada Wild Rye
Panicum virgatum Swtich Grass
Schizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem
Sorghastrum nutans Indian Grass
Sporobolus heterolepis Prairie Dropseed
Forbs ~
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed
Aster laevis Smooth Blue Aster
Aster novae-angliae New England Aster
Baptisia leucantha White Wild Indigo
Coreopsis lanceolata Sand Coreopsis
Coreopsis tripteris Tall Coreopsis
Echinacea pallida Pale Purple Coneflower
Echinaceae purpurea Purple Coneflower
Eryngium yuccifolium Rattlesnake Master
Gentiana andrewsii Fringe-top Bottle Gentian
Helianthus mollis Downy Sunflower
Heliopsis helianthoides False Sunflower
Liatris scariosa nieuwlandii Savanna Blazingstar
Liatris spicata Spiked Gayfeather
Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot
Parthenium integrifolium Wild Quinine
Penstemon digitalis Foxglove Beard Tongue
Pycnanthemum virginianum Mountain Mint
Ratibida pinnata Yellow Coneflower
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan
Senna hebecarpa Wild Senna
Silphium integrifolium Rosin Weed
Silphium laciniatum Compass Plant
Silphium terebinthinaceum Prairie Dock
Solidago nemoralis Gray Goldenrod
Solidago rigida Stiff Goldenrod
Tradescantia ohiensis Ohio Spiderwort
Verbena stricta Hoary Vervain
Vernonia gigantea Tall Ironweed
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver’s Root
Zizia aurea Golden Alexanders

SAND TOLERANT (below)

TREES
*Acer negundo (Boxelder)
*Acer saccharinum (Silver Maple)
*Celtis occidentalis (Hackberry)
*Fraxinus americana (White Ash)
*Ostrya virginiana (Hop Hornbeam)
*Cercis canadensis (Redbud)

Shrubs
*Staphylea trifolia (Bladdernut)
*Sambucus canadensis (Elderberry)
*Hamamelis virginiana (Witch-hazel)

Grasses
*Elymus virginicus (Virginia Wild Rye)
*Elymus riparius (Riverbank Wild Rye)
*Leersia virginica (White grass)
*Diarrhena americana (Beak grass)
*Hystrix patula (Bottlebrush Grass)

Forbs
*Verbesina alternifolia (Wingstem)
*Eupatorium rugosum (White snakeroot)
*Rudbeckia laciniata (Cut-leaf Coneflower)
*Aster lateriflorus (Side-flowering aster)

 

Official Stats for Save Maumee Seed Harvest
at Little River Wetland Project 2014

  • CUP PLANT (Silphium perfoliatum)
  • Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)
  • BLACK EYED SUSAN (Rudbeckia hirta)
  • Joe-Pye-Weed (Eutrochium maculatum)
  • ROSINWEED (Silphium Integrifolium)
  • Compass Plant (Silphium laciniatum)
  • BEE BALM (Monarda fistlosa)
  • Ironweed (Vernonia fasciculata)
  • SAWTOOTH SUNFLOWER (Helianthus grosseserratus)
  • Fox Glove Beardstongue (Penstemon digitalis)
  • SMARTWEED (Polygonum spp.)
  • Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardil)
  • Indian Grass (Sorghastrum nutans)
  • CANADA WILD RYE (Elymus canadensis)
  • Yellow Coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

Marsh Mallow was also collected from our Canoe Clean-Up in September 2014

What are these seeds, trees and plants value?

CLICK ON A SPECIFIC PLANT FOR PICTURES

Scientific
Name
Common
Name
Price per
ounce
Price per
pound
Price per
plant
Acorus calamus Sweet Flag $18.00 $288.00 $1.75
Alisma subcordatum Water Plantain $10.00 $150.00 $1.55
Allium cernuum Nodding Pink Onion $22.00 $352.00 $1.35
Amorpha canescens Lead Plant $30.00 $480 $2.20
Andropogon gerardii Big Bluestem $2.00 $16.00 $1.15
Anemone cylindrica Thimbleweed $80.00 $1,280.00 N/A
Angelica atropurpurea Purple-stem Angelica $15.00 $240.00 N/A
Aquilegia canadensis Wild Columbine $65.00 $1,040.00 $1.75
Asclepias incarnata Marsh Milkweed $21.00 $310.00 $1.15
Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed $10.00 $150.00 $1.30
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed $50.00 $800.00 $1.75
Asclepias verticillata Whorled Milkweed $60.00 $960.00 $1.50
Aster ericoides White Heath Aster $100.00 $1,600.00 $1.50
Aster firmus Shining Aster $38.00 $608.00 $1.55
Aster laevis Smooth Blue Aster $25.00 $400.00 $1.25
Aster macrophyllus Big-leaved Aster $75.00 $1,200.00 N/A
Aster novae-angliae New England Aster $30.00 480.00 $1.15
Aster puniceus Swamp Aster $40.00 $640.00 $1.55
Aster umbellatus Flat-Top White Aster $36.00 $540.00 $1.55
Baptisia leucantha White Wild Indigo $30 $450.00 $1.65
Bidens cernua Nodding Bur Marigold $13.00 $190.00 N/A
Bidens frondosa Devil’s Beggar’s Ticks $31.00 $496.00 N/A
Bouteloua curtipendula Side Oats Grama $2.00 $24.00 $1.25
Brickellia eupatorioides False Boneset $23.00 $368.00 N/A
Bromus pubescens Woodland Brome $22.00 $352.00 $1.55
Calamagrostis canadensis Blue Joint Grass $50.00 $800.00 $1.15
Carex annectans Yellow Fruit Sedge N/A N/A $1.45
Carex bicknellii Bicknell’s Sedge $25.00 385.00 $1.55
Carex comosa Bearded Sedge $15.00 225.00 $1.15
Carex crinita Fringed Sedge $25.00 $400.00 $1.55
Carex cristatella Crested Sedge $35.00 $560.00 $1.15
Carex crus-corvi Raven-foot Sedge $50.00 $800.00 N/A
Carex emoryi Riverbank Sedge N/A N/A $1.55
Carex frankii Frank’s Sedge $13.00 $195.00 $1.15

FULL LIST OF PLANTS/VALUE via Heartland Restoration/Earth Source

———————————————————–

2011 Official Stats for Save Maumee,
Fox Island Seed Harvest October 24th

In 2012 we had approval to pluck our seed at Little River Wetlands Project at Eagle Marsh to give Fox Island’s plant life a rest for a few years!

Trying to group them as to ideal planting. This is an ESTIMATE of prices and harvest weight!

River’s Edge
Monarda/Bergamot 2lbs – split between full sun & river’s edge. $352/lb = $704

Under Erosion Control Mats
Blend of many seeds…approximately 2lb mixture so approximately = $45

Big Blue Stem $12/lb
Indian Grass $8/lb
Canada Rye $14/lb
Annual Barley
Indian Grass $8/lb
Prairie Drop Seed $18/oz =  1 oz collected  – $18
Switchgrass $2/oz

Full Shade
Grey Golden Rod $450/lb we collected 4lbs – $1,800

Understory
New England Aster 2.25 lbs – $21/oz =  $739
Black Eyed Susan’s (wet shade & understory) 2lbs – $6/oz = $192
Grey Headed Coneflower –105/lb 7 oz – (4 oz full sun/3oz )  =   $200
plantain plantago major
Full Sun/Open Field

Iron Weed  $225/lb – we collected 2 lbs = $450
Primerose  $5/oz we collected 1 lb  = $80
Milkweed 1.5lbs $108/lb – $148
Prairie Dock – 2oz collected – 18/oz = $36
Sweet Clover (to fix nitrogen)
Mountain Mint 1 lb $43/oz = $688

Woods Edge

Dogwood Berries – $36-50/lb
Yarrow – 1oz – $2/oz = $2
(some Grey Headed Cone Flower & Aster as well)
Ground Cherry – 100 seeds
Elymus Canadensis (shade)

Wet Area
Ohio Buckeye’s
Oak Tree Acorns (Oak Nuts) 20 lbs

WHERE TO PLANT?:

Echinacea 1oz
Penstemon (beardtongue) – 2 oz
Senna Hebecarpa 1oz
Joe Pye Weed – $36/oz 1 oz collected = $36

 

___________PLANTED ON EARTH DAY 2011_____________

Big Bluestem: $12/LB Save Maumee approx. 10lbs = $120

Canada Wild Rye: $14/LB Save Maumee approx. 5lbs = $70

Indian Grass: $8/LB Save Maumee approx. 2lbs = $16

Tall Iron Weed: $225/LB Save Maumee approx. 5lbs = $1,125

Wild Bergamot: $352/LB Save Maumee approx. 2lbs = $704

Purple Coneflower $105/LB Save Maumee approx. 2lbs = $210

Common Milkweed: $7/oz, $108/LB Save Maumee approx. 15 ounces = $105

Switchgrass: $2/oz Save Maumee approx. 6 ounces = $12

Prairie Dropseed: $18/oz Save Maumee approx 6 ounces = $108

Gray Goldenrod:

New England Aster:

Blazing Gray-Feather:

*Yarrow – 12 ounces

*Common Evening Primrose – 6 ounces

*Prairie Dropseed – 6 ounces

*Prairie Dock:

Mountain Mint: $43/oz Save Maumee approx. 2 oz = $86

Dogwood Berries: $36-50/lb Save Maumee approx. 2.5 lbs = $100

Evening Primrose:$5/oz Save Maumee collected approx. 1oz = $ 5

Joe Pye Weed: $36/oz Save Maumee approx. 7 grams = $3

Fox Glove: $10/oz Save Maumee approx. 1oz = $ 10

Nodding Onion: $22.50/oz Save Maumee approx. 7grams = $ 10.

 

So how much is all of this worth in $ saved by plucking it ourselves?

Approximately: $2,470 WORTH OF SEED collected in 2010!

Approximately $ 2,718 worth of seed collected in 2011

What does Sediment & Erosion Control look like?

 

Common Milkweed is always harvested ~ Monarch Butterflies need this…Why?

* Milkweed contains a chemical called cardenolides – a form of a steroid that is a cardiac-arrester (stops the heart). (Different species of Milkweed have different concentrations)

When a Monarch caterpillar eats the leaves from the Milkweed it ingests the cardenolides that makes them toxic to many vertebrate predators. For example if a bird ate a Monarch butterfly of caterpillar it would throw up. (Birds know this)

Research has found that Monarchs have high levels of this steroid from having eaten Milkweed so they are much less susceptible to being predated by birds and mice! Great way to keep the ‘bad guys’ away eh?…We will keep collecting it!